DUELO ADAPTATIVO, NO ADAPTATIVO Y CONTINUIDAD DE VÍNCULOS

Alfonso Miguel García Hernández, Martín Rodríguez Álvaro, Pedro Ruymán Brito Brito, Domingo Ángel Fernández Gutiérrez, Carlos Enrique Martínez Alberto, Cristo Manuel Marrero González

Resumen


El duelo es un proceso de adaptación natural y autolimitado a una nueva realidad que surge tras una pérdida significativa, real o percibida, con un amplio abanico de manifestaciones que producen un impacto en la salud del doliente. Las investigaciones en torno al duelo, han modificado el modo de entender sus procesos, con lo que su clasificación ha variado drásticamente. Los diferentes tipos de duelo pueden agruparse en dos grandes categorías: duelo adaptativo y duelo no adaptativo, incluyendo en este último conjunto un conglomerado de procesos que incluyen el duelo traumático, el duelo complicado y el duelo espiritual. La literatura especializada, recoge diferentes escalas e instrumentos de medida que ayudan a evaluar el curso y el riesgo de complicaciones en el transcurso del duelo. Cada vez son más numerosas las investigaciones asociadas a la continuidad de vínculos, siendo necesaria una evaluación de la efectividad de esta conexión y de su capacidad de adaptación.

 

Adaptative grieving is a natural and self-limiting adjustment to a new reality that arises after a significant loss, real or perceived, with a wide range of manifestations that impact the health of the bereaved. Research on grief has modified the way we understand its processes so that its classification has drastically changed. The different types of grief can be grouped into two categories: adaptive grieving and maladaptive grieving. The latter group includes a pool of processes, including traumatic grievieng, complicated grieving and spiritual grieving. The specialized literature gathers different scales and measuring instruments that help toassess the course and risk of complications throughout grief. There is an increasing number of research associated with the continuity of bonds. And there is also a need to evaluate the effectiveness of this connection and its adaptive capacity.


Palabras clave


Duelo adaptativo; duelo no adaptativo; continuidad de vínculos;

Citas


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